According to the census results, the share of urban residents continued to grow and reached 61.2%, an increase compared to the previous census data was 5%. Thus, there is a decrease in the share of rural population from 43.9% to 38.8%. The largest number of urban residents live in the Karaganda region - 80% of inhabitants, over 1 million people. The Turkestan region, on the contrary, is the region with the least number of city dwellers. Only 498 thousand people or 24.3% of the region's inhabitants live in urban areas.
“Urbanization is a global trend that is associated with the industrialization of economy and flow of labor into more productive areas. People usually move from villages to cities to get education or occupational work and improve their well-being. The largest growth of the urban population during the intercensal period is observed in 6 regions of the country, such as Akmola, Aktobe, West Kazakhstan, East Kazakhstan, North Kazakhstan, and Kyzylorda regions. The capital population doubled,” says Zhandos Shaimardanov, head of the National Statistics Office of the Agency for Strategic Planning and Reforms of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
According to results of the previous census, 619 thousand people lived in the capital, at the time of the 2021 census, the population of the country's main city was 1.23 million people.
The number of women in Kazakhstan, as before, prevails over the number of men. According to census results, they turned out to be half a million more (by 536.3 thousand people). In terms of percentage, the share of men is 48.6% (9,324,840 people), women - 51.4% (9,861,175 people). Thus, there are 99 men per 100 women in Kazakhstan.
Photos are from open sources.