In Almaty, as of June and July, every sixth voluntary health insurance policy holder or 16% of the total number of insured people applied for medical assistance. Among children under the age of 14 this figure is even higher, 23.2% of the total number of insured children applied to medical institutions. People aged 55 to 65 years, 26.4% of whom sought medical assistance, made the high rate of applicants. This was reported by the press office of SC "Kompetenz IC", BNews.kz informs.
The most common diagnosis among Almaty residents in the summer season is an acute respiratory viral infection of the upper respiratory tract. It was established to 32% of applicants. Experts believe that cold and viral illnesses are following much harder and longer during a hot period.
Injuries are in the second place accounting for 13% of the total number of inquiries. The most common were not only abrasions and bruises, but also fractures of the radius, as well as wrist injuries. Then there are diseases of the cardiovascular system (9.5%).
"Because of the stuffiness, the risk of hypertension, heart attack and stroke increases. In the heat, the heart tends to pump blood at an accelerated rate, because blood becomes thicker due to lack of water, losing oxygen, and can provoke hypoxia and fainting even if you are not in a stuffy transport and do not stick out like a root crop in a bed upside down under the scorching sun. Vascular dystonia due to "thickened" blood and lymph may lead to a thrombus and vascular occlusion", insurers note.
The body loses a lot of liquid in the heat; at the temperature of 40°C outside the body evaporates about one liter of sweat per hour. Along with the liquid, the body loses mineral salts, including potassium and magnesium, which are necessary for a normal heart work and rhythm. The best prevention to normalize the blood circulation is compensation of moisture level. Specialists recommend drinking still water in small portions in a hot time. However, the individual characteristics of the body should be considered, the norm of water for people with cardiovascular diseases can be determined only by a doctor.
Food poisoning is quite common. They account for 7.8% of the total number of applications. It is necessary to closely monitor the freshness of food, especially meat, fish and dairy products.
Thermal shock and sunburn also bother Almaty residents. The condition is usually provoked by a prolonged stay in the sun or in a stuffy room. To prevent heat shocks, you need to have a headwear on, wear natural fabric clothes mostly, and drink a lot of water.
The inquiries about allergic diseases are frequent as well. Another 4% of the insured's complaints are related to the unpleasant consequences of insect bites, which sometimes cause serious inflammatory and allergic reactions. Bites of mosquitoes, bees, wasps may induce toxic reactions. There may be swelling, redness, adenopathy, as well as nausea, vomiting, chills, joint pain, headaches, fever, drop of blood pressure, suffocation, unconsciousness.
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