Over the past 10 years, the life expectancy in Kazakhstan has increased by 6 years, total mortality has decreased by 20%, mortality from circulatory diseases has dropped by 2.5 times, mortality from malignant diseases has been reduced by 28%.
The average life expectancy in Kazakhstan is 72.9 years. However, the results of country assessment by WHO show the prevalence of behavioral risk factors that directly affect the health of the population.
Thus, 22.4% of the country's population are heavy smokers; 7.7 liters of pure alcohol are consumed per person a year; our population is the leader among OECD countries in salt consumption at the recommended dose of 5 grams per day, our population consumes 16.6 grams per day per person (6 kg per year a person),” said Zaure Akhmetova.
According to her, non-communicable diseases, such as diabetes, cancer and heart diseases, account for more than 70% of all deaths in the world.
“This number includes 15 million cases of premature mortality between the ages from 30 and 69 years. The increase in expansion of such diseases is caused by behavioral risk factors: an unhealthy diet, low physical activity, tobacco and alcohol use,” Akhmetova said.
Additionally, in 2018, 1,365 cases of diabetes, 1,222 case of obesity, 27,699 circulatory system diseases in the capital city were first detected, also reported by Sadvakas Baigabulov, the head of the Public Health Department of the city Nur-Sultan today, April 5. In total, according to his data, 21,237 diabetes cases, 6,134 obesity cases, and 151,055 diseases of the circulatory system were registered in the city in 2018, reports zakon.kz.
“Today, a certain cohort of residents have neglectful attitude to their health, hoping that everything can be fixed. And despite the encouragement of leading a healthy lifestyle, they continue to actively “be friends” with bad habits and hold the view that health is given forever. And only when diseases come, we begin to try to fix something, but it is often too late," he said.
It should be noted that within the framework of World Health Day the medical organizations of the country run Open Days from April 3 to April 11. Everyone can check their medical condition and get consultative, diagnostic and practical assistance from specialized doctors.
Let us remind you that World Health Day is celebrated annually on April 7.
World Health Day is not just a holiday; it is a day when everyone should think about how to save what nature has given us at birth. And we should make every effort to maintain our health on daily basis. It does not require financial investments, it takes only jogging, walking outdoors, giving up bad habits and switching to a healthy diet," said Baigabulov.